Cross River State, Nigeria is considered one of the richest biodiversity reserves in Africa. Cross River State enacted a logging moratorium in 2008, passed a new law on the Management and Sustainable Use of the Forest Resources of Cross River State in 2010, and undertook an ambitious reforestation program that has enlisted the help of rural communities to plant indigenous tree species. These efforts are supported by a strong network of actors and institutions, including the CRS Forestry Commission, Legislature, civil society and academic institutions. The state is important at the national level, serving as the pilot state for the United Nations REDD Programme in Nigeria. Through the Training Program and the Fund, the GCF is strengthening Cross River’s capacity through carbon monitoring assessment and training. Strategically, Cross River state plans to increase its collaboration with regional actors in REDD+ and low emissions development.

Cross River State
1 African Research Association-Development in Nigeria (ARA-DIN)
DIN is the rural based community action arm of the African Research Association. DIN has been engaged in tackling forest degradation in the tropical forests of Cross River State, Nigeria since 1996. DIN works together with community partners to reduce poverty and improve livelihoods by promoting the conservation and sustainable use of forest resources.
2 CRS Climate Change Council
Composed of the Governor, five Commissioners, four state agencies, and the Chairman of the Forestry Commission, the Climate Change Council's function is to ensure that there is coordination across the various sectors. This inter-ministerial body is the most important at the state level.
3 CRS Forestry Commission (CRSFC)
The Forestry Commission’s mandate is to focus on the conservation, protection and sustainable utilization of forest and wildlife resources in the state, and be home to one of the world’s greenest and biologically most diverse and richest places. The forest Commission by all global standards articulates many initiatives and programmes to follow its mandate.
4 CRS Forestry Commission Board (CRS-FCB)
The Forestry Commission’s mandate is to focus on the conservation, protection and sustainable utilization of forest and wildlife resources in the state, and be home to one of the world’s greenest and biologically most diverse and richest places.
5 CRS REDD+ Technical Committee
Sitting within the CRS Forestry Commission, the REDD+ Technical Committee's membership comprises: the Forestry Commission, the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Lands, Ministry of Works, the Tourism Bureau, the GIS Unit of the Department of Geography and Regional Planning (University of Calabar), the Department of Forestry and Wildlife (University of Calabar), Faculty of Environmental Sciences (Cross River State University of Science and Technology), the State Planning Commission, the Department for Donor Support, Cross River National Park, at least 3 NGO Representatives, 4 Community Representatives and the Chairperson of the CRS House of Assembly's Committee on Environment.
6 CRS Stakeholder Forum on REDD+
Made up of over 100 representatives from various stakeholder groups, the CRS Stakeholder Forum on REDD+ ensures that the knowledge and perspective of all non-governmental participants and stakeholders are adequately reflected in the program's approach and strategies. Members of the Forum include a broad cross-section of stakeholders in CRS, with special attention to representation by women, youth, forest-dependent communities and other identified marginal or vulnerable groups.
7 Centre for Education, Research and Conservation of Primates and Nature (CERCOPAN)
CERCOPAN is a conservation charity operating in Cross River State. Over 60% of the country’s endangered plant and animal species occur here. With CERCOPAN's expertise in environmental conservation, specialization in primates, and proven track record, they are among those leading the effort to ensure that the forests of Cross River are conserved into the future for its people and its primates.
8 Concern Universal (CU-Nigeria)
Concern Universal is an international development organisation tackling poverty from the grassroots. Our vision is a world where justice, dignity and respect prevail for all, and our mission is to work in partnership to challenge poverty and inequality. We support practical actions that enable people to improve their lives and shape their own futures. Our strategy has two key objectives. The first objective is to enable community-led development. We do this through practical work with individuals, communities and partners in 9 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. This includes our work to improve food security, health, respect for rights, and skills and to reduce vulnerability to disasters. Our second organizational objective is to inspire and influence others. We amplify the voices of people living in poverty, enabling them to advocate for a fairer and more environmentally sustainable world.
9 Cross River National Park (CRNP)
Along with Korup National Park in the Republic of Cameroon, Cross River National Park is an important biotic reserve which contains one of the oldest rainforests in Africa. It is also one of the 25 United Nations acclaimed biodiversity hot spots in the World. Some portions of the Park lies in the Guinea-Congolian region of the lowland rainforest refugia with closed canopy and scattered emergent trees which reach a height of between 40 and 50 meters. Studies have revealed that vegetation here has evolved over 60 million years ago. There are 119 species of mammals in the Park. These include 18 out of the 23 species of monkeys found in Nigeria (representing 78% of Nigeria’s total), 48 species of Fish and 950 species of butterflies (90% of Nigeria’s totals) among a wide array of insects.
10 Cross River State Government (CRS)
11 Fauna and Flora International (Africa) (FFI-Africa)
A well-established and respected player, FFI has prided itself on innovative conservation since 1903. FFI's vision is a sustainable future for the planet, where biodiversity is effectively conserved by the people who live closest to it, supported by the global community. The organisation's mission is to act to conserve threatened species and ecosystems worldwide, choosing solutions that are sustainable, based on sound science and take into account human needs. FFI’s Africa programme covers a wide range of conservation landscapes and critical habitats in sub-Saharan countries. They are focusing on using innovative models to secure intact areas of land for conservation in the long term. These include forests and wetlands and wilderness areas sufficiently large to maintain viability of large mammal populations, the integrity of ecosystems and the resources they supply to local people.
12 Federal Department of Forestry
13 Forest Carbon (FC)
Forest Carbon is a Southeast Asian-based firm that addresses the need for a regionally focused team capable of providing technical services for carbon forestry projects in tropical rainforest countries. Their team of experts work one-on-one with clients on all aspects of project development, including: historical forest mapping, establishing carbon emission baselines, REDD+ program design, implementation and monitoring systems for forestry projects for the emerging voluntary and compliance carbon markets. They specialize in supporting field-level both project and jurisdictional program development for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+), including the reforestation, conservation and sustainable management of forests.
14 GCF Fund (GCF Fund)
The Governors’ Climate & Forests Fund (GCF Fund) is a non-profit, nimble and transparent climate finance facility which was established by the GCF Taskforce (GCF) (, a unique sub-national collaboration between 22 jurisdictions from Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Peru, Spain, and the United States. The GCF Fund works with member states to support initiatives that reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and demonstrate realistic pathways to achieving low emission rural development. Over 20% of the world’s tropical forests are in GCF states and provinces, including more than 75% of Brazil’s and more than half of Indonesia’s. The GCF Fund began operations in 2013 through a generous grant from the United States Department of State.
15 Governors' Climate & Forests Task Force (GCF)
The Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force (GCF) is a unique subnational collaboration between 22 states and provinces from Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Peru, Spain, and the United States. The GCF seeks to advance jurisdictional programs designed to promote low emissions rural development and reduced emissions from deforestation and land use (REDD+) and link these activities with emerging greenhouse gas (GHG) compliance regimes and other pay-for-performance opportunities. More than 20% of the world’s tropical forests are in GCF states and provinces, including more than 75% of Brazil’s and more than half of Indonesia’s. The GCF includes states and provinces that are leading the way in building comprehensive, jurisdiction-wide approaches to low emissions development and REDD+ as well as the only jurisdiction in the world (California) that is considering provisions that would recognize offsets from REDD+ as part of its GHG compliance system.
16 Green Concern For Development (GREENCODE)
Green Concern for Development (GREENCODE) was founded by Comrade Edem Edem in collaboration with other youths from the area as a youth-based NGO, called Abgremo for Development in 1997. Over the years the organisation has grown and engaged with other development partners. In 2007 the organisation underwent a strategic development and changed its name with a mandate to carry out humanitarian services national and internationally. Presently, we are registered with Federal Government of Nigeria through the CAC as Green Concern for Development (GREENCODE), but our business name till remain Abgremo for Development.
17 International Centre for Energy, Environment & Development (ICEED)
ICEED is Nigeria’s leading provider of expertise in energy access policy reform, renewable energy technical assistance and climate change and clean energy financing. ICEED works with a network of specialists that includes: economists, lawyers, engineers, political scientists, gender and social development experts. A key part of this programme will be influencing and The project is located in the Omo, Shasha, Oluwa forest reserves in Ogun, Osun and Ondo States. The forests in these reserves are heavily degraded; however they still protect significant populations of forest elephants (estimated to be about 30 individuals), chimpanzees, and Nigeria’s endemic white-throated guenon monkey. ICEED and NigeriaCAN (Climate Action Network) have already been very effective at galvanising broad based support from key government and civil society institutions in Abuja such as the Committee on Climate change in the House of Representatives and other government and civil society institutions across the country for a climate change strategy and position before the COP 15 talks in Copenhagen. The NigeriaCAN coalition’s activities are organised around three focus groups: a) Climate Change Policy and Institutional Change Group, b) Climate Change Information Access Group and c) Climate Change International Participation Group. Through the legislative process, NigeriaCAN seeks to create arenas where stakeholders in civil society can engage meaningfully with the private sector and decision-makers at both National Assembly and the Executive around the process of climate change institution-building.
18 Living Earth Nigeria Foundation (LENF)
Living Earth Nigeria Foundation (LENF) is a non-governmental organization founded and registered in Nigeria in February 1998. Since inception, LENF has been implementing environment and community development programmes in the Niger Delta, with particular reference to Bayelsa, Rivers and Cross River States. In all these states, LENF places a premium on working with community institutions, building their capacity to function effectively and also promoting democratic values and principles in the management of community affairs. Completed projects:
19 NGO Coalition for Environment (NGOCE)
NGOCE is a grand coalition of NGOs and CBOs with significant presence in Cross River State. It had played a critical and needed advocacy role in sensitizing and raising the awareness of communities, government and the general public in CRS towards responsible environmental attitudes and conduct, particularly in the sustainable management of the biodiversity and renewable natural resources in Cross River state. About 16 NGOs and CBOs are members of this coalition.
20 National Advisory Council on REDD+
The National Advisory Council on REDD+ is the core national governing body of REDD+ activities in Nigeria. Under Nigeria's Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) it has been tasked with fulfilling five critical roles: 1) guide, monitor and review progress on the national REDD+ process; 2) ensure federal coordination across Ministries and with the states on REDD+ matters; 3) the oversight and consideration of recommendations by the National REDD+ Subcommittee; 4) oversee the design and implementation of national REDD+ programs and endeavors, such the UN-REDD Nigeria program; and 5) review, approve and provide continuous guidance and support to a REDD+ plan of operations, annual work plans, annual budgets, monitoring and evaluation process and implementation.
21 National Stakeholder Platform for REDD+
The National Stakeholder Platform for REDD+ ensures representation of women, youth, indigenous groups, forest-dependent communities and other identified marginal or vulnerable groups. It was designed based on the CRS stakeholder consultation platform.
22 Nature Conservation Research Center (NCRC)
Nature Conservation Research Centre (NCRC) is recognized internationally as a leader in developing rural ecotourism and community protected areas as a means of economic development and resource conservation. NCRC’s initiatives have facilitated sustainable economic development in scores of poor rural areas of Ghana and other nations in West Africa.
23 Nigeria Climate Action Network (Nigeriacan)
Nigeria Climate Action Network (nigeriacan) is a coalition of groups and individuals in Nigeria working to promote government and individual actions to combat climate change. Members work to achieve this goal through the coordination of information exchange and civil society strategy on national and international issues. Our members come from the public and private sectors, civil society organisations, international development organisations and individuals.
24 Nigeria Conservation Foundation (NCF)
The Mission of the NCF is to preserve the full range of Nigeria’s biodiversity which includes species, ecosystems and genetic biodiversity; promote the sustainable use of natural resources for the benefit of present and future generations; and advocate actions that minimise pollution and wasteful utilisation of renewable resources. NCF maintains the lead in promoting environmental conservation and sustainable development; thus, the institutional symbol of natural resource management in Nigeria. Through its conservation projects, the foundation has developed unique nature conservation strategies that cater for the needs of people while maintaining ecosystem stability. NCF operations focus on environmental education, biodiversity conservation, policy advocacy, public sensitization on environmental issues, mitigating environmental pollution and poverty reduction.
25 Pandrillus
Pandrillus projects use a multi-faceted approach, combining in situ and ex situ activities, including: habitat protection, captive care and breeding, research, training, small scale development schemes, education and positive advocacy, all aimed at promoting the drill as a species and wildlife conservation generally. Projects collaborate with state and national governments, communities, traditional rulers, other international and local NGOs, zoos, advisory groups, and the private sector to achieve these goals. **Fundamental in the creation of the Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary with FFI, WCS, NCF.
26 Pro-Natura International (Nigeria) (PNI-Nigeria)
Pro-Natura International Nigeria works to achieve long-lasting solutions for community development within the Niger Delta. By establishing trusted and transparent Community Foundations, PNI helps communities to lead their own development process. By building institutions, capacity, trust and confidence within the community, PNI is redefining community-led development in the Niger Delta through the Community Development Foundation Initiative. PNI (Nigeria) advocates that in the absence of good governance, an effectively implemented community led development process is the only viable vehicle for sustainable development, conflict resolution and economic improvement for poor and marginalised communities in the Niger Delta and elsewhere. There are no short cuts or simple solutions. Since 1997, PNI has pioneered and successfully demonstrated participatory development with rural communities; strengthening existing institutions and creating community capacity to assess, plan, manage monitor and evaluate their own developmental needs.
27 The Rock & Partners
The Rock and Partners is a full service legal practice based in Nigeria with offices in Lagos and other states in Nigeria and consists of barristers and solicitors who specialize in climate change and environmental law. They are members of the International Emissions Trading. The Rock and Partners has developed expertise to advise project developers and sponsors on the framework of CDM and Renewable Energy Projects in Nigeria, advising and representing companies interested in purchasing carbon credits on the regulatory framework in Nigeria, negotiating and drafting Emissions Reduction Purchase Agreements (ERPAs) amongst others. They also have in-house verifiers who can advise on baseline methodologies and greenhouse gas accounting. They have a strong relationship with various government ministries in Abuja and are well positioned to advise the government on legislation and policy formulation required to create a secure investment climate for investors interested in carbon projects including REDD.
28 Tropical Forest Group (TFG)
The Tropical Forest Group (TFG) catalyzes policy, science and advocacy to conserve and restore the planet’s remaining tropical forests. TFG works urgently and responsibly to save tropical forests, fight climate change and improve the lives of local people. TFG is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization registered as a corporation in the State of California. We are an accredited observer to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. TFG has one full time Director, several part-time Staff, seventeen Affiliates, five Board Members and three Advisors. Several hundred volunteers have helped TFG over the past few years.
29 UN Nigeria Coordination Office
he Federal Government of Nigeria, reinforced by pioneering efforts from Cross River State, started to engage in REDD+ in 2009, and became a partner country of the UN-REDD Programme in February 2010. The Nigeria REDD+ Readiness Programme envisions a two-track approach to achieve REDD+ readiness in Nigeria, based on: (i) the development of institutional and technical capacities at Federal level, and (ii) carrying out intense institutional, strategy-building and demonstration activities in Cross River State.
30 University of Calabar- Department of Forestry & Wildlife (U. Calabar- Dept of Forestry & Wildlife)
The guiding principle behind Forest and Wildlife Resources Management is to create awareness among our young people and the rural dwellers that forest resources when wisely used can improve and sustain one's per capital income and contribute to the Gross Domestic Product of Nigeria. Throughout the five-year course of study, the lectures would consciously make efforts to produce competent human resources that will sustainably manage the forest resources at our disposal. The overall philosophy is to train students to acquire scholastic competence and technical skills to enable them apply themselves well as forest and wildlife resources managers in the development of the Nigerian economy.
31 University of Calabar- GIS Unit (U. Calabar- GIS Unit)
The GIS Unit of the Department of Geography and Regional Planning is a member of the CRS REDD+ Technical Committee.
32 Verified Carbon Standard (VCS)
The Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) and the associated VCS Program were launched in November 2007 and are now well established among the leading global greenhouse gas (GHG) standards and programs in the voluntary carbon market. Their primary objective is to bring standardization, transparency and credibility to the voluntary carbon market. Increasingly, we are generating lessons and providing inputs for compliance regimes emerging worldwide and broader results-based compensation mechanisms.
33 Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
Global warming threatens the integrity of marine and terrestrial habitats and interrupts natural cycles such as migration and hibernation. WCS works across the globe to combat the effects of climate change on wildlife and wild places. Their wide-reaching studies of this worldwide phenomenon inform decisions by the scientific community and policymakers, as well as local organizations. WCS conservationists work on the ground with communities that depend on natural resources to help them find mutually-beneficial solutions to relieve the stress on fragile ecosystems. They also work closely with governments and corporations to reduce and offset carbon emissions. Protecting the world’s remaining forests from destruction is an important tool for stemming the harmful effects of greenhouse gas emissions.
34 Winrock International
Winrock International is a nonprofit organization that works with people in the United States and around the world to empower the disadvantaged, increase economic opportunity, and sustain natural resources. Winrock matches innovative approaches in agriculture, natural resources management, clean energy and leadership development with the unique needs of its partners. By linking local individuals and communities with new ideas and technology, Winrock is increasing long-term productivity, equity and responsible resource management to benefit the poor and disadvantaged of the world.
35 World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
36 Conservation Association of the Mbe Mountains (CAMM)
In 2005 the nine communities living around the Mbe Mountains established an association to protect and manage the area on a sustainable basis. The association was formed through a long participatory stakeholder process and is in the process of being registered. The recently established Conservation Association of Mbe Mountains (CAMM) requires support with capacity building and the development of strategies for sustainable funding to manage the new protected area. CAMM is one of Nigeria's first multi-community organizations established to negotiate boundaries, set aside commonly-shared core zone and manage the area for gorilla and broader conservation goals.
37 Ekuri Initiative
In 1992, the villages of Old Ekuri and New Ekuri jointly established the Ekuri Initiative to conserve and manage their community forest sustainably for purpose of community development. Since its establishment, the Initiative has made several notable achievements. These include mobilization of community resources and liaison with the local government to construct a 40km road and bridges to the communities; a DFID funded inventory of two 50 ha forest plots where timber is harvested sustainably; and development a land use plan that zoned the Ekuri forests into various land uses. The Ekuri Initiative was one of 20 finalists for the UNDP 2004 Equator Award in recognition of the Initiative’s outstanding efforts and commitment in reducing poverty through conservation.
38 Enhancing Carbon Assessment in CRS
As a pilot state CRS will serve as serve as a model for reducing deforestation in other states in Nigeria and the region, making it even more imperative that activities are implemented effectively, efficiently, and collaboratively. In CRS the GCF Fund is working to enhance capacities in forest monitoring and measurement while engaging local communities in efforts to realize low emission development strategies. This builds on past efforts where the GCF supported community forest monitoring training in the state. Working in close collaboration with UN-REDD and other stakeholders, the project will make substantive steps towards enhancing forest monitoring and measurement by assessing existing forest inventory data, developing a framework for sampling relevant forest carbon pools, improving digital forest carbon maps, and developing a methodology for including emissions from forest degradation in the State’s forest emissions inventory. Despite the technical nature of the project, a wide range of stakeholders are being engaged including local civil society organizations, forestry commission officials, and local communities. For example, the local forestry commission is working with technical experts to train local community members on forest measurement techniques in order to obtain preliminary field sampling data, an important exercise in a country with no national forest inventory. This will not only result in the collection of important data but also heighten the involvement of forest dependent community members in activities aimed at reducing emissions from deforestation. Findings from these activities will be presented to UN-REDD who will integrate the results into their work moving forward.
39 Mangrove Conservation
Building Mangrove Forest Communities and CSOs Response to Climate Change and Mangrove Conservation in Cross River state is a dedicated project that will be implemented in Akpabuyo Local Government Areas of Cross River State. The project will contribute to the reduction of carbon emission and encourage the use of alternative energy sources and promote environmental conservation at the grassroots level, through energy/environment/climate change education to schools and communities, training young persons on simple techniques of alternative energy source, carry out demonstration in the construction of simple improved cook stove with local materials, thus reducing the impact of carbon emission and climate change in Nigeria. The project will raise nursery of 3,000 stands of mangrove seedlings and plant them in total land area of 1 hectare in 5 project communities.